The Ultimate Guide to Months Names Worldwide

June 2, 2024

Have you ever stopped to think about the names of the months we use in our everyday lives? Months are an essential part of our calendar system, helping us track time and schedule events throughout the year. However, month names can vary significantly from one culture to another, often reflecting historical, cultural, or even natural influences. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the names of the months used worldwide, showcasing their origins, meanings, and unique characteristics. From the familiar English month names to lesser-known ones from different corners of the globe, let’s embark on a journey to discover the diversity and richness of month naming conventions.

English Month Names:

In English-speaking countries, such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia, the months are named after Roman deities, rulers, or numbers:


  • Origin: Named after the Roman god Janus, the god of beginnings and transitions.
  • Meaning: January marks the beginning of the new year and is associated with fresh starts and resolutions.


  • Origin: Named after Februalia, a Roman purification festival.
  • Meaning: February is the shortest month and is often associated with love and romance due to Valentine’s Day.


  • Origin: Named after Mars, the Roman god of war.
  • Meaning: March is a month of rebirth, associated with the arrival of spring and new life.


  • Origin: The origin of April’s name is uncertain, possibly derived from the Latin word “aperire,” meaning to open.
  • Meaning: April is often associated with blooming flowers, showers, and Easter celebrations.


  • Origin: Named after Maia, a Roman earth goddess of spring.
  • Meaning: May is a month of fertility and growth, with longer days and warmer weather.


  • Origin: Named after Juno, the queen of the Roman gods.
  • Meaning: June is a popular month for weddings and is associated with abundance and prosperity.


  • Origin: Named in honor of Julius Caesar, the Roman general and statesman.
  • Meaning: July marks the peak of summer and is a time for relaxation and outdoor activities.


  • Origin: Named after Augustus Caesar, the first Roman emperor.
  • Meaning: August is a month of harvest and abundance, signaling the approaching end of summer.


  • Origin: Derived from the Latin word “septem,” meaning seven.
  • Meaning: September was originally the seventh month in the Roman calendar before January and February were added.


  • Origin: Derived from the Latin word “octo,” meaning eight.
  • Meaning: October is associated with autumn, falling leaves, and Halloween festivities.


  • Origin: Derived from the Latin word “novem,” meaning nine.
  • Meaning: November marks the transition to winter, with cooler temperatures and the Thanksgiving holiday in the US.


  • Origin: Derived from the Latin word “decem,” meaning ten.
  • Meaning: December is a festive month, with Christmas celebrations and the end of the calendar year.

Month Names around the World:

While English month names are widely used, other cultures have their unique ways of naming the months. Let’s explore some fascinating examples from different parts of the world:

Japanese Month Names

  • Origin: In Japan, the months are named based on the old lunar calendar.
  • Example: “Ichigatsu” for January, which means “month of market opening,” reflecting the start of the business year.

Hindu Month Names

  • Origin: In the Hindu calendar, the months are named after celestial bodies or Hindu festivals.
  • Example: “Kartika” for November, named after the star “Krittika” and associated with auspicious events.

Chinese Month Names

  • Origin: In the Chinese calendar, each month is named after one of the 12 animals of the Chinese zodiac.
  • Example: The month of the Tiger, “Yueh,” symbolizing strength and courage.

Islamic Month Names

  • Origin: The Islamic calendar is lunar-based, with each month having religious significance.
  • Example: “Rajab” is the seventh month, known for its sacredness and fasting practices.

Ancient Roman Month Names

  • Origin: The Roman calendar had ten months, with names reflecting agricultural activities.
  • Example: “Martius” for March, named after Mars, the god of war and agriculture.

Unusual and Unique Month Names:

Beyond the common month names we are familiar with, there are some truly unique and unusual examples from different cultures:

Icelandic Month Names

  • Example: In Iceland, the months are named descriptively, such as “Gormánuður” for December, meaning “midwinter month.”

Ethiopian Month Names

  • Example: The Ethiopian calendar has 13 months, including unique names like “Tir” for September, symbolizing the rainy season.

Berber Month Names

  • Example: The Berber calendar in North Africa features names like “Yennayer” for January, marking the Berber New Year.

Maori Month Names

  • Example: The Maori people of New Zealand use names like “Poutū-te-rangi” for March, reflecting the changing of seasons.

Hebrew Month Names

  • Example: Hebrew months have names like “Tishrei” for September, associated with the High Holy Days and Rosh Hashanah.

FAQs about Month Names:

Q: Why do month names vary across different cultures?
A: Month names are often influenced by historical, cultural, religious, or natural factors specific to each society, leading to a diverse range of naming conventions.

Q: Are there any common themes or patterns in month naming traditions?
A: Many cultures name months based on seasonal changes, celestial events, religious festivities, or historical figures, reflecting the significance of each period.

Q: How do lunar and solar calendars impact month naming?
A: Lunar calendars, based on moon cycles, often have month names related to lunar phases, while solar calendars focus on the position of the Earth around the sun.

Q: What are some examples of symbolic month names?
A: Symbolic month names can include references to nature, mythology, historical events, or agricultural activities, adding depth and meaning to the calendar.

Q: How have month names evolved over time in different cultures?
A: Month names have evolved along with societal changes, technological advancements, and globalization, sometimes adapting to new influences or preserving ancient traditions.


Months are not merely markers of time but windows into the unique cultural tapestries of societies worldwide. From the traditional English month names rooted in Roman mythology to the diverse and symbolic month names found in various cultures, each name carries a story, a tradition, and a reflection of the values and beliefs of its people. As we navigate the calendar year, let’s appreciate the beauty and significance of month names across the globe, connecting us to our past, present, and future in a shared journey through time.

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